The Hanukkah Menorah is a special nine branch candelabra used in the celebration of the Jewish festival of Hanukkah, commemorating the rededication of the Holy Temple in Jerusalem. The Menorah is lit each night for eight days by eight candles representing the eight miracles of Hanukkah, plus a ninth Center candle known as the Shamash. The Menorah can vary in size and shape, but it commonly consists of a holder with eight candle branches, a stem and the Shamash or “attendant” candle in the center.
The Hanukkah candleholder is called a Hanukkiah, Chanukiah or Hanukkiyah, depending on the region or language. The Hanukkiah is a special candelabra, featuring a holder with eight candle branches representing the eight miraculous days of the Battle of the Maccabees against the Greeks. It is generally made of brass or gold-plated brass decorated with symbols of Jerusalem, or sometimes of wood or ceramic. The Hanukkiah is used to display and light the nine Hanukkah candles, in a particular ritual documented in the Talmud and other rabbinic texts.
The traditional Hanukkiah uses the eight Hanukkah lights placed in a straight line, with the Shamash (“attendant” candle) placed higher or lower above the other lights. On the first night of Hanukkah, one candle is lit on the far right side; and on each successive night, an additional candle is lit from left to right. On the eighth night, all eight of the lights are lit. As each light is lit, blessings are recited in the prescribed order.
In addition, there are Hanukkiyot that feature a modern arrangement of the eight candle branches coming outward from a central cylinder, with the Shamash also placed in the middle. This arrangement, along with electric lights and various colors, is used to represent the modern Hanukkah celebration.
The Hanukkah candle holder is a special eight-branched candelabra with a ninth additional candle placed in the middle. It is a symbol of the miraculous victory of the Macabees over the Greeks, and its use has been handed down through the generations. It symbolizes the universal values of freedom and liberty in the celebration of Hanukkah. Despite what it is called, the Hanukkiah ultimately serves as an important reminder of the victory of faith over oppression, and as a symbol of the rededication of the Holy Temple in Jerusalem.
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Last update 2023-11-27. Price and product availability may change.